(World Of Arts N Culture) Malaysia

By: Khairul Hafiz SF

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Tuesday, 14-Mar-2006 01:19 Email | Share | | Bookmark
Baluh Gendang Silat

Baluh/temalang gendang silat
Bushro - pengendang termuda di Malaysia
along - pemukul gong termuda di Malaysia


Foto hari ini merupakan beberapa biji 'baluh'/temalang (badan gendang). Ada yang telah siap dan separuh siap. Biasanya jenis ini adalah gendang silat aliran utara. Beberapa jenis bentuk gendang biasanya digunakan dalam membentuk baluh tersebut. Ada yang menggunakan bentuk 'bunting padi', 'serai' atau 'tempayan'. Namun saiz dan ketinggian gendang tersebut mengikut kehendak pemain tersebut. Baluh yang paling cantik dalam menghasilkan bunyi adalah diperbuat dari kayu nangka, kemudian barulah diikuti oleh cempedak, cempedak bakong, nangka pipit, kelapa/nyiur dan sebagainya. Disebabkan gambar tidak berapa lawa, maka terpaksa saya make up dengan efek. Hehehe

This is a kind of malay kettle drum (pronounce as 'GENDANG') used to accompany silat's (Malay's martial art) show. The size of gendang depends a lot to the customer's wish. Usually it is made from nangka (the best wood) dan so on.


Monday, 13-Mar-2006 03:13 Email | Share | | Bookmark
Balada Peniup Serunai

Cikgu Ramli - balada peniup serunai gendang silat kedah
Pak Teh Mid - Balada peniup serunai Gendang Peribumi
Pak Berahim - balada peniup serunai wayang kulit kelantan



Peniup serunai Gendang Silat Kedah

Gambar seorang peniup serunai. Lazimnya serunai jenis ini digunakan di negeri Perak, Pulau Pinang, Kedah, Perlis dan Pahang. Cantiknya permainan orang Melayu yang harus dipusakai dan dipelajari oleh kita semua.

A pic of a serunai player. This kind of serunai is widely used in state of Perak, Pulau Pinang, Kedah and Pahang. Just imagine that Scottish bagpipe instead of this player's cheek. It has the same function actually. Air is kept in the cheek in order to maintain the continuous breathing. Some player can even hold their breath for few hours!


Peniup Serunai Wayang Kulit Kelantan

Hari ini saya menggunakan lagu latar wayang kulit kelantan yang bertajuk "Maharisyi"
Background music for today's fotopage is "Maharisi" - one of a song from Kelantanese Shadow Pupppet


Wednesday, 8-Mar-2006 02:09 Email | Share | | Bookmark
Serunai

Serunai

Sejenis alat muzik tradisional yang termasuk dalam golongan aerofon. Ia menggunakan sistem pernafasan bersambung bagi menghasilkan irama mengikut paluan gendang yang tertentu. Biasanya ia dimainkan mengikut jenis persembahan seperti silat, Mek Mulung, Mak Yong, Terinai, Wayang kulit Kelantan, Wayang Gedek (Kedah), Gendang Peribumi (Keling), Menora, Main Peteri dan sebagainya. Namun serunai yang terdapat di Malaysia ada berbeza2 mengikut negeri. Misalnya di Kedah serunainya berbunyi langsing dan agak pendek sedikit jika dibandingkan dengan serunai di Kelantan dan Terengganu. Kebanyakkan serunai mempunyai 7 lubang atas dan 1 lubang bawah. Di Perlis pula serunainya mempunyai 6 lubang atas dan 1 lubang bawah. Sementara di Negeri Sembilan serunainya hanya mempunyai 4 lubang atas tanpa lubang bawah. Pipitnya biasanya diperbuat dari sejenis daun iaitu dari pokok Lontar atau Tai.

Serunai is one of the Malay traditional music instrument which are widely used in most Malaysian's traditional music dan martial art. In can be divided according to the state, which played in different styles. This instrument are played in continous breathing (without stopping). Reed are made from the leaves of "Lontar's" tree. As u can hear from my background music, this kind of serunai can be seen in Perlis (one of the state in Malaysia). Next time, i'll bring the other state's serunai.




Serunai
General information:
Another example of cultural diffusion!

Throughout Islamic-influenced countries in eastern Europe, northern Africa and much of central Asia, you'll find an ancient double reed instrument with a long, conical wooden body and a flaring bell. Used as a solo instrument or in ensembles, there are several sizes and many distinctive playing techniques associated with each region. Characteristically, these instruments have a distinctively loud, piercing nasal sound created by the vibrating reeds, somewhat similar to the sound of an oboe which is a much later European descendent. Many of these nonwestern instruments use a reed made from a flattened stalk of grass, unlike the harder cane reeds of western oboes.

The serunai and its relatives, including the zurna (Turkey), kangling (Tibet),sorna (Afghanistan), suona (China) and raita (Morrocco), have been played at temple festivals, outdoor processionals, games, weddings and community dances. Prior to this century, the zurna was also associated with Turkish Janissary (or military) band processionals, along with kettledrums. And since the late 1800s, similar instruments have been used in Cuba and other Latin American countries, brought by Chinese immigrants who worked in the sugar cane plantations.


Extract from :
http://www.si.umich.edu/chico/instrument/pages/serunai_gnrl.html


Wednesday, 8-Mar-2006 00:46 Email | Share | | Bookmark
Terinai (Perlis)

Lagu latar fotopage saya ini adalah lagu Terinai yang biasa dimainkan di Perlis. Tapi gambar2 yang ada ini bukan saya yang ambil, cuma saya ingin abadikan gambar2 seni budaya tradisi orang kita sahaja di sini. Yang penting supaya ia dpt memberi pengetahuan sdisamping itu menarik minat utk pergi mempelajarinya sekiranya berpeluang. Sayangilah seni budaya kita ...

Welcome to Malaysian's fotopage of arts & culture, this is one of the so called "Terinai". It is one of a traditional dance that are rarely seen actually, only in countryside. Sometimes ago this perfomance are mend only for the royals but as time passed by, it can also be seen in the wedding ceremonies conducted by the people. Apart from that, the music are played to accompany this dance. The instrument of music consist of Serunai (duoble reed), gendang ibu and anak (2 piece sort of drums) and double Gong. It is played harmoniusly tone along with the graciuos dance. Of course, this reflects the soul of the Malay, very subtle but yet so deep.







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